A great activity for everyone

Salt & Pepper

Spice up your team-building with Salt & Pepper - the ultimate party game!

Salt & Pepper
By Jon Zajac

What is Salt & Pepper?

The Salt & Pepper icebreaker is an engaging activity that I use to encourage conversation and teamwork among participants in a classroom, workshop, or team-building event. This icebreaker involves creating pairs of words, characters, concepts, or phrases that are naturally linked, such as ‘salt and pepper’ or ‘Batman and Robin.’ The aim is to get people comfortable with each other by finding their corresponding pair through asking yes or no questions.

I find the Salt & Pepper icebreaker to be a versatile and memorable experience for participants. It fosters camaraderie, stimulates conversations, and lays the groundwork for collaboration. The success of this icebreaker relies on careful preparation and an active facilitation role, ensuring everyone is engaged and actively participating in finding their pairs.

During the Salt & Pepper icebreaker, participants develop effective communication skills and minor deductive reasoning abilities as they decipher clues from questions and engage with one another. I also appreciate the opportunity for a feedback loop during the activity, where participants can share their strategies and discuss what worked and what was challenging.

In conclusion, the Salt & Pepper icebreaker is an excellent way to break the ice and set the stage for productive collaboration in any group setting.

Back to top

Rules for Salt & Pepper

  1. Each participant will be assigned a sticky note or index card with an item from a conceptual pair.
  2. Participants must not share what’s written on their card until instructed to do so.
  3. The goal for each participant is to find the person holding the missing half of their ‘conceptual pair.’
  4. Participants are not allowed to peek at their own notes/cards; they must infer from questions and interactions what their word or concept might be.
  5. Questions asked should encourage engagement and not directly reveal the pair, e.g., “Am I a food item?” or “Am I part of a popular phrase?”
  6. Once participants start finding their pairs, they are encouraged to share with the group what their strategy was for figuring out their item and finding their pair.
  7. After everyone has found their pair, bring the group together for a brief reflection session on communication, strategy, cooperation, and real-world dynamics in teamwork.
  8. In advanced versions, consider adding themes to the pairs, requiring more sophisticated knowledge and critical thinking to decipher clues from questions.

Back to top

Materials needed for Salt & Pepper

  • Sticky notes or index cards: You’ll need enough for each participant with one item of the pair written on each note.
  • Writing utensils: Use these to write the items of the pairs on the sticky notes or index cards.
  • A diverse list of pairs: Brainstorm a variety of linked words, characters, concepts, or phrases beforehand to cater to participants’ interests and backgrounds.
  • Even number of participants: Ideally, have an equal number of participants so everyone can find a pair; if not, create trios for any extra participants.
  • Video conferencing tools (optional): If facilitating the activity virtually, use video conferencing software to explain the rules and encourage interaction between participants.

Back to top

Setting up for Salt & Pepper

To set up the Salt & Pepper icebreaker activity, follow these steps:

  1. Brainstorm a list of pair ideas that are intrinsically linked, keeping in mind the interests and backgrounds of your participants. Aim for diversity in your pairs to cater to various individuals. Examples include salt and pepper, peanut butter and jelly, Batman and Robin, or any other conceptual pairs you can think of.

  2. Prepare name tags or index cards with each item of the pair written on them. Ensure that the counterpart of each item isn’t easily visible to maintain an element of surprise and intrigue for participants as they search for their match.

  3. Determine the number of participants you will have in your activity. Ideally, the number of participants should be even so everyone can find a pair. If there are extra participants, create trios to ensure everyone is involved.

  4. Randomly assign each participant one of the sticky notes or index cards as they enter the room or activity area. Make sure they do not share what’s written on their card with others until the game officially starts. You can have them stick the note on their clothing or hold the index card in a way that they cannot see it themselves.

  5. Be prepared to facilitate the activity by circulating around the room, encouraging engagement, answering questions, and ensuring everyone follows the rules for asking questions. Have a plan for bringing the group together for reflection once everyone has found their pair.

Back to top

How to play Salt & Pepper

1. Brainstorm Pair Ideas - Carefully think of pairs of words, characters, concepts, or phrases that are naturally linked, keeping in mind the interests and backgrounds of your participants.

2. Prepare the Name Tags - Write each item of the pair on a separate sticky note or index card, ensuring the counterpart isn’t easily visible.

3. Random Assignment - Distribute the sticky notes or index cards to participants at random, instructing them not to share their items until the game starts.

4. Activity Brief - Clearly explain the objective of finding the missing half of their ‘conceptual pair’ and stress that they cannot peek at their own note/card.

5. Finding Pairs - Encourage participants to ask engaging yes or no questions, avoiding direct inquiries about their specific item.

Guidelines for Questions:

  • Instruct participants to ask open-ended questions like “Am I a food item?” or “Am I part of a popular phrase?”
  • Discourage directly asking, “Am I salt?” when paired with pepper.

6. Engagement - Circulate around the room ensuring active participation and clarify rules if necessary.

7. Feedback Loop - Once pairs start forming, prompt participants to share their strategies for finding their pair and reflect on what worked and what was challenging.

8. Debrief - After everyone has found their pair, gather the group for a reflection session about communication, strategy, cooperation, and real-world dynamics in teamwork.

Adding Complexity:

  • Introduce themes to pairs (historical figures, scientific concepts) to challenge advanced participants and deepen discussions.

Back to top

Benefits of Salt & Pepper

  • Encourages Active Listening: By asking open-ended questions that require more than just a yes or no answer, participants are encouraged to truly listen to each other’s responses and engage in meaningful conversations.
  • Promotes Critical Thinking Skills: Participants must use deductive reasoning to figure out their paired concept based on the clues they gather from the questions they ask, which can help sharpen critical thinking skills.
  • Fosters a Positive Group Dynamic: The Salt & Pepper icebreaker helps create a friendly and inclusive atmosphere by prompting participants to interact with one another in a casual yet purposeful manner, reducing barriers to communication.
  • Enhances Team Building: By working together to find their pairs, participants learn the importance of collaboration, cooperation, and mutual support – skills that are essential for successful teamwork in any setting.
  • Increases Self-Awareness: As participants reflect on their strategies for finding their pair and share their experiences with the group, they become more aware of their own communication style, strengths, and areas for improvement.
  • Breaks Down Stereotypes and Encourages Empathy: The Salt & Pepper icebreaker can help challenge preconceived notions and encourage understanding among participants from diverse backgrounds by prompting them to consider different perspectives and experiences.
  • Encourages Participation: By engaging participants in a fun, interactive, and low-pressure activity, the Salt & Pepper icebreaker helps draw introverted or hesitant individuals into the conversation, ensuring that everyone has an opportunity to contribute and feel valued.

Back to top

Skills built with Salt & Pepper

  • Communication Skills: The Salt & Pepper icebreaker encourages participants to ask clear, engaging questions that promote interaction and understanding with their peers. By practicing this skill, they learn the importance of active listening, empathy, and adapting communication styles based on the responses received.
  • Critical Thinking: Players must decipher clues from their counterparts’ questions and responses to deduce their pair’s identity. This process stimulates critical thinking, problem-solving, and strategic planning as participants work through possible solutions in a collaborative setting.
  • Collaboration and Teamwork: By working together to find their conceptual pairs, participants learn the value of cooperation, trust, and collective problem-solving. They practice giving and receiving feedback, understanding different perspectives, and building on the strengths of others.
  • Emotional Intelligence: The Salt & Pepper icebreaker fosters self-awareness, empathy, and social skills through conversations with peers. Players learn to recognize and respond appropriately to their own emotions and those of others in a low-stress setting that encourages personal growth and development.
  • Patience and Perseverance: The game requires participants to remain patient and persistent as they navigate the process of finding their pairs. By learning to cope with frustration, disappointment, or uncertainty, players build resilience and develop a growth mindset that serves them well in various aspects of life.

Back to top

Why I like Salt & Pepper

I appreciate the Salt & Pepper icebreaker activity because it offers a dynamic and interactive way to foster connections among participants in various settings. As a facilitator, I find this icebreaker enjoyable due to its emphasis on engaging conversations, critical thinking, and cooperative problem-solving.

One aspect of the Salt & Pepper icebreaker that resonates with me is the preparation phase. The process of brainstorming pairs and preparing the name tags allows for customization depending on the interests and backgrounds of the participants. This tailored approach ensures a more inclusive environment, where everyone can participate and enjoy the activity.

During the facilitation stage, I value the opportunity to promote active engagement and collaboration among the participants. The Salt & Pepper icebreaker allows me to monitor interactions, encourage those who may need a nudge to engage in conversation, and maintain a positive atmosphere throughout the experience.

Additionally, this icebreaker provides an excellent platform for reflection and debriefing. It encourages participants to think about their communication strategies, assumptions, and question-asking techniques. Discussing these aspects with the group highlights the importance of effective teamwork and collaboration, as well as how such interactions can be applied to real-world situations beyond the activity.

The Salt & Pepper icebreaker also has the potential for added complexity through the incorporation of themes. Introducing specific subjects or topics challenges participants’ critical thinking skills and fosters deeper conversations. By adjusting the level of difficulty, I can cater this icebreaker to various age groups and skill levels.

In summary, I find the Salt & Pepper icebreaker valuable due to its focus on communication, problem-solving, and cooperation in a fun and interactive setting. Its adaptability, along with thoughtful preparation and facilitation, creates an engaging experience that fosters camaraderie among participants and sets the stage for successful collaboration.

Back to top

Tips for making Salt & Pepper more inclusive

  • Tip: Use Culturally Diverse Pair Examples Make sure to include diverse pair examples from various cultures and backgrounds to ensure everyone feels included and represented. This can help participants learn about different cultures while breaking the ice.

  • Tip: Provide Accessibility Options Consider offering accessibility options such as large print name tags or verbal descriptions for visually impaired participants. For virtual events, use screen reader-friendly tools and provide closed captions for any video content used during the activity.

  • Tip: Offer Language Support If there are non-native speakers in your group, consider offering language support by providing name tags with translated terms or having a bilingual facilitator on hand to assist with communication.

  • Tip: Consider Participants’ Abilities and Preferences Be mindful of participants’ abilities and preferences when choosing the pair examples and rules for questions. For example, you can allow yes/no questions with multiple parts or provide options for non-verbal communication during virtual events.

  • Tip: Promote a Safe and Inclusive Environment Establish clear guidelines to promote a safe and inclusive environment where participants feel comfortable sharing their thoughts and asking questions without fear of judgment or offense. Encourage respectful conversations, listen actively, and address any insensitive comments or behaviors promptly.

Back to top

Reflection questions for Salt & Pepper

  1. What did you learn about yourself during this activity? This question helps participants reflect on their communication style, problem-solving skills, and how they approach new situations. It can provide insights into their strengths and areas for improvement in collaborative environments.

  2. How did you feel when finding your pair or helping others find theirs? This question allows participants to share their emotions during the activity, promoting empathy and understanding among the group. Understanding each other’s feelings is crucial for building strong teams and fostering positive relationships.

  3. What strategies did you use to ask questions and gather information? By sharing their approach to solving the Salt & Pepper icebreaker challenge, participants can learn from one another’s techniques and develop more effective communication skills in various contexts.

  4. Did you make any assumptions during the game that hindered your progress? This question encourages participants to reflect on how their assumptions may impact problem-solving and collaboration. Acknowledging these pitfalls can help individuals become more open-minded and adaptable when working with others.

  5. How did this activity relate to real-world dynamics in teamwork, problem-solving, or meeting new people? This question prompts participants to consider how the Salt & Pepper icebreaker mirrors everyday experiences and how they can apply their insights from the game to real-life situations.

  6. What did you learn about others in your group through this activity? By discussing what they discovered about their fellow participants, individuals can deepen their understanding and appreciation of one another’s backgrounds, interests, and skills. This fosters a more inclusive and cohesive team environment.

  7. If you were to facilitate the Salt & Pepper icebreaker yourself, how would you modify or expand upon it? This question encourages participants to think critically about their experience and consider how they might adapt the activity for different groups or contexts. This demonstrates their growing understanding of team-building and collaboration.

Back to top


Want customized activity suggestions? Try our Team Building Expert GPT!

About the author

Jon Zajac

Jon Zajac

Founder & Chief Icebreaker

I started Icebreaker Spot because I truly believe that strong connections are the foundation of successful teams. I wanted to create a platform that would make it easy for people to find and share icebreakers and team building activities, empowering them to build trust, foster collaboration, and ultimately, achieve greatness together.

Activities you may also like

Keep the fun going with these similar activities.

Hosts and Guests

Hosts and Guests

Guess Who? Hosts and Guests: The Ultimate Team-Building Game!



Get your team working like a well-oiled machine with Contact!

Identity Circles

Identity Circles

Uncover Life Priorities in a Fun and Intimate Game of Value Cards!

Tea & Coffee

Tea & Coffee

Brew Up Fun and Bond Over Tea & Coffee: The Perfect Team-Building Activity!